初中英语听力常考的30类英语情景对话(附加情景外交用语20篇)!

作者:yobo体育全站app发布时间:2021-11-15 00:37

本文摘要:一、打电话(Making phone calls)1、请给某人/某单元打电话Would/could/can you ring up...?请你...打电话好吧?句中ring up意思是“给某人打电话”,除了用ring up外,还可用call, call up, telephone 等,意思相同 can you...?用得最普通:could/would you...?用在正式场所,比力礼貌。

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一、打电话(Making phone calls)1、请给某人/某单元打电话Would/could/can you ring up...?请你...打电话好吧?句中ring up意思是“给某人打电话”,除了用ring up外,还可用call, call up, telephone 等,意思相同 can you...?用得最普通:could/would you...?用在正式场所,比力礼貌。2、电话拨不通时常说:The line is busy , I can‘t get through.电话占线,我打不通。/ I’ll try again later.我过一会儿再打.其中line指电话线路,get through 指接通电话。

3、电话拨通后相互打招呼:Hello,(name or telephone number)你好,(并通报本人的姓名或单元名称或电话号码)Hello,is that...speaking?你是...吗? / Who is that speaking/calling?你是谁?/ Who is speaking/calling, please?你是谁?应答时常说:Yes,(this is)...speaking. 是的,我是..../ Yes, it‘s...here. 我是....4、打电话请对方找人或留言:Is...in/at home? 某某在家吗?/ Can/may/could I speak to..., please?请...接电话好吗?/ Will/would you give a message to..., please?请给...捎个口信好吗? / Would you tell him my telephone number, please? 请你把我的电话号码告诉他好吗?/ Can/could you ask...to ring me back, please?请叫...给我回个电话好吗?应答时常说:Hold on/Wait a minute/One moment, please. 请等一等 / I‘m sorry...is not in./at home now.对不起,...现在不在 / Can I take a message? 我能给你捎口信好吗?/ Does he have your telephone number?他有你的电话号码吗?/ I’ll ask him to call you back. 我叫他给你回电话二、劝告和建议(Advice and suggestion)1、You‘d better (not)do sth... 你最好(不)干..../ You should do sth. 你应该干..../ You need(to)do sth. 你需要干....2、Why don‘t you do sth? 为什么不..../ Why not do sth? 为什么不....这是以反问的方式提出劝告或建议,含有建议对方去干某事的意思,而不是询问对方为何不去干某事的原因.3、What/How about +名词或动名词...? 这种句型表达随便的建议,有征求对方意见的意思,多数情况下是建议和对方一起做某事。4、“Shall we...?”这种句型用于建议对方与自己一起做什么,是一种普通的表现建议的方法。

它和“Let‘s..., shall we?”句型可以交换,在回覆时,如果赞成这个建议,常用“Yes, let's…”或“OK, let’s…”5、用suggest作谓语的陈述句这种句子用于表达比力正式的建议,在集会上和讨论中使用较多,也常用于书面形式,后面常跟名词、动名词或that从句作宾语.注意跟随句时,从句中动词用动词原形式should+动词原形。6、用Let‘s开头的祈使句这是最普通的表达建议的方法,建议对方和自己一起做什么.let's后接动词原形.若句尾加上“shall we?”, “OK?”等用于征求对方法的词语,从而使语气委婉得多。注意:对对方的建议表现同意时常用的答语为:Great太好了;That‘s a good idea.真是个好主意。

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对对方的建议表现差别意,或基础不能满足对方的要求而表现歉意时的常用答语为: I’m afraid that... 我担忧....,我恐怕.....I‘m afraid not. 恐拍不行。7、用should,ought to等情态动词来表现“劝告”8、用动词advise,名词advice表现劝告三、表现问候(Expressing greetings)1、直接问候一般打招呼用语,答语通常是重复对方的话Hello.你好!Hi嗨!Good morning(afternoon, evening)早上(下午、晚上)好2.您好!初次晤面打招呼的用语How do you do? / Glad to meet you.答语也是“How do you do? / Glad to meet you.”3.对有一段时候没有晤面的熟人可选用这些句型:How are you?/ How have you been?你(您)好吗?答语往往是:“Fine, thank you. And you?”4.向认识但不常晤面的人打招呼,可选用这些表达法. How‘s everything with you?/ How is everything going? / How are you getting on? / What’s no/ up? 迩来怎么样?答语可用:“Pretty well“/ ” Very well“ ”Everything is OK(一切顺利)“Not too bad“还好”5.对于不认识想要叫他(她)停下来时,可选用这些说法:Hey, sir(madam)喂,先生(小姐)/ Just a moment, sir(madam)等一下,先生(小姐)注意:此时不能说:“Hey! You!”2、间接问候1.Please give one‘s(one’s 代表差别人称的物主代词(如: my, our... 等) regards/best wishes/ love to.../ Please remember me to sb.请向某人问好/请向某人致意。2.“Say hi/hello to...(from me)”意为“向...致意/问候”.这相当于Please give my best regards/wishes to...(请代我向...问好)的意思。

对于上述问候,其答语为:Of course/Sure , I will等。四、谢谢与应答(Thanks and responses)Thank you/ Thanks谢谢! Thank you very much很是谢谢! Thank you so muchThanks a lot多谢 Thank you very much indeed 应该好好谢谢你 Thanks a million万分谢谢! I don‘t know how to thank you真不知该怎样谢谢你I’m really grateful to you.很是谢谢你! That‘s most kind of you你心眼儿真好 You’re kind! 你真好。如果别人想为你服务,可你以为不必贫苦他或者别人替你服务没有办成但你还要谢谢他,这时你可以说:Thank you just the same.同样谢谢你的美意 / Thank you all the same.同样得谢谢你 / It‘s very considerate of you.你思量得真周到!/ It’s most thoughtful of you.你想得真周到!在回覆别人的谢谢时,常说:You‘re welcome不客套 / Not at all 没事儿 / Don’t mention it 不用谢 / It‘s my pleasure 我很乐意. / No trouble at all 一点也不贫苦 / It was the least I could do 这是我应该做的/ I’m glad I could do it.我很兴奋能这么做 / That‘s all right.没关系,不用谢 / I’m delighted to have been able to do that for you 能为你效劳我很兴奋 / It‘s really nothing at all 算不了什么,不用谢五、先容(Introductions)先容某人的常用表达式I‘ll introduce you.我来给你先容........ I want to introduce.....我想先容.... May I introduce you to...? 我把你先容给...好吗? I’d like you to meet... 我想让你见见.... It‘s with great pleasure that I introduce.....to you.很荣幸让我先容.......给你Let me introduce you to......让我把你先容给....... By the way, do you know......? 顺便问一问,你认识.......吗?对先容的应答How do you do? 你好!I‘m pleased to know you.很兴奋认识你.Very glad to meet you.很兴奋认识你.Nice to meet you.很兴奋认识你. It’s a pleasure to meet you.认识你很兴奋。六、祝愿、祝贺及应答(Good wishes, congratulations and responses)1、当某人取得乐成时I have passed the examination! 我已经通过考试了.Congratulations(to you)祝贺你!2、当某人外出旅行时Good luck with your trip! 祝您们旅途平安! Have a good trip/journey.=I wish you a good trip/journey.祝你旅途愉快,祝你一路顺风。

Good trip to you./Nice journey to you.祝你旅途愉快 Have a nice/pleasant/wonderful time.=I wish you a nice/pleasant/wonderful time.祝你过得愉快,祝你玩得痛快。3、当某人生日时 A: Happy birthday to you;生日快乐!B: Thank you!谢谢!4、当某人即将做某事时A:I will take the exams tomorrow.我明天将到场考试.B: Good luck (to you)!(I wish you success!)祝您顺利!(祝您乐成!)注:上述几点中祝愿(贺)的回覆可用. Thanks./thank you/thanks a lot.或It‘s kind of you to say so.谢谢. /多谢. /谢谢您./谢谢你这么说。5、在公共节日里A: Happy New Year(to you)! 新年快乐!B: Thanks. The same to you!(Happy New Year to you, too!)谢谢!您也一样!(也祝您新年快乐!)七、请求允许和应答(Asking for permission and responses)1、Can I/Could I/May I...? 我可不行以...?这个是请求对方允许自己做某事的最普通的外交用语,其中could I...?语气最婉转;May I...? 常用在比力正式的场所;Can I...? 用得最广泛。

对于所提出的请求表现允许或同意时,可说:Yes./Sure./Certainly.固然可以.Of course, you may.固然可以.Yes, do please.请吧。Go ahead, please.请吧。

That‘s Ok. /all right. 好的。对于所提出的请求表现不允许或差别意时,可说:No, pleased don‘t.请不要./I’m sorry you can‘t.对不起,你不行以/...I’m sorry, but...对不起,可是.... /You‘d better not...你最好别....2、Do you mind if I do...?这是用来表现“请求许可”的外交用语.句中的mind作“介意”、“阻挡”解.整句的意思是“如果我干某事,你阻挡/介意吗?”或“我干某事,”好吗?注意:当我们用“Do you mind if...”时,if从句中的谓语动词一般用现在时;当我们用“Would you mind if...”时,if从句中的谓语动词一般用已往时,这时语气越发婉转.应答时,如果表现“允许/不介意”,常说:No, I don‘t mind. 我不介意/我允许。Certainly not / Of course not. 固然不介意.No, go ahead. 不介意,你干吧.Not at all. 一点也不介意。如果表现“不允许/介意”时,常说:I’m sorry you can‘t...很歉仄,你不能....I’m afraid....恐怕....I‘m afraid it’s not allowed. 恐怕这是不允许的.3、I wonder if I could/can...? 我想知道我能否...?这也是用来表现“请求许可”的外交用语.句中的wonder作“想知道”解,后面常跟if从句.整个句子的意思是“我想知道我是否可以......?”用以委婉地提出请求。

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应答时,如果允许,常说:Sure, go ahead./Yes, please do.可以,请吧. Yes/Of course/Certainly. 固然可以,如果不允许,可以说: I‘m sorry, but... 对不起,...I’m afraid not. 恐怕不行.No, please don‘t. 请不要.......You’d better not... 你最好别.....八、请求(Requests)1、用may(can, could),来表达表现同意请求的应答:yes, you may(can)是的/certainly(=of course/Sure.)固然可以/Yes, do please,好的,请吧。注:上述回覆中can不能换成could因为could在一般疑问句中表现委婉的请求,而在肯定句中,则无此功效.表现差别意请求的应答:No, you mustn‘t,不行以/No, you can’t,不能.No, you‘d better not你最好不这样/Please don’t 请不要这样/Sorry, I‘m afraid not,对不起,恐怕不能。

2、用Shall来表达表现同意的请求应答:Yes, I‘d like to.好的,我愿意./All right(=OK)好的/(That’s a)Good idea 好主意./Yes, Let‘s.好的,让我们走吧.表现差别意请求的应答:Please don‘t.请不要这样./I don’t think so.我认为不要这样./I‘m afraid not,恐怕不能3、用Would, Will, Would(Will)you please...?/Would you like...? 来表达表现同意请求的应答:Yes, I‘d like to.(=Yes, I’d love to.=Yes, I‘ll be glad to.=Yes, I should I like to)是的,我愿意./With pleasure.十分愿意.注:上述回覆中介词to均不能省略.表现差别意请求的应答:I‘d like (love)to, but I’m busy,我很想,但我很忙./I‘m sorry, but I’m busy.对不起,我很忙./I‘m afraid not恐怕不能./I’d really like to, but I have no time.我简直很愿意,可我没时间.4、用please 来表达.表现同意请求的应答:OK,(=All right.)好的./of course.(=Sure.=Certainly.)固然可以./With pleasure.十分愿意。表现差别意请求的应答:I‘m sorry, but I’m busy;对不起,我很忙,/I‘m afraid not 恐怕不行。

九、致歉和应答(Apologize and responses)Excuse me for...... 请原谅我....../ Pardon me for....... 请原谅我......./ I‘m really sorry for..... / 我真为.......感应歉仄.I’m awfully sorry. I don‘t mean to...... 我很是歉仄,我无意....../ I’m so sorry. It‘s all my fault. 我十分歉仄,都是我的过错./ I’m terribly sorry about..... 我对......很是歉仄./ It was wrong of me to do....... 做......是我的过错./ I really feel bad about...... 我真对........感应惆怅 ./ I regret that...... 我忏悔......./ I do apologize about......我对.......表现致歉. / I hope you‘ll pardon me for....希望你能原谅我....... / I must make an apology for.....我必须对.....表现致歉 ./ Please forgive me for......请原谅我.......对致歉的反映It really isn‘t worth mentioning.实在不值得一提.Don’t say more about it.不要再提它了.Never mind, it doesn‘t really matter.没关系,真的没关系.Please don’t worry about it.请别为这事担忧.It‘s nothing serious.没有什么关系.Please think nothing of it.请别想它了.Well,it’s one of those things.哦,这是常有的事.That‘s all right.没关系.Please don’t blame yourself.请别责备自己.Forget thinking of it.别再想它了十、邀请与应答(Invitation and responses)1、用一般疑问句形式Will / would / can / could you come to...? 是被邀请人接受的可能性较大.表现“请您来...好吗?”。例如:Will you come to take part in my party? 你来到场我的聚会好吗?Would you like +名词(代词) / 不定式 / sb.+不定式?此句型表现“您愿意...?或你是否愿意...?”,此时邀请人不知对方是否接受邀请,是商量、询问及试探性的邀请、请求或表现小我私家的想法、看法。例如:Would you like to go there with him? 你愿意与他一道去那儿吗?B:Yes, I‘d like(love) to好的,我愿意.(类似肯定表达法:Yes, I’d be happy to.好的,我很乐意.Yes,it‘s very kind / nice of you to invite me. 好的,谢谢您邀请我。

Yes,it’s very kind of you. 真是太好了,谢谢。2、用陈述句形式I like sb. to do sth./ I‘d like you to come to....这是向某人发出邀请的常见句式。表现“希望(想叫)某人做某事”,常与would连用,是一种客套的邀请。例如:A :I‘d like to invite you to see a film with me.我想请你和我一起去看影戏.B: I‘d like(love) to, but I’m very busy.我很想,但我很忙.(类似委婉拒绝表达法:I‘d love to....I’m afraid我想去,恐怕...,Thank you for inviting me.)It‘s very kind of you to invite me, but I’m busy.谢谢你邀请我,但我很忙.)十一、提供资助和应答(Offers and responses)Can/ could/ Shall I help you (with that)? 我可以帮你吗? / Can/ Could/ Shall I do...for you? 我可以帮你干...吗? / What can I do for you? 我能为你做什么? / Would you like some/any help? 你要不要什么资助? /Would you like me to do sth. for you ? 你要不要什么资助? / Would you like me to do sth. for you ? 你要不要我为你干... ? / Do you want me to... ? 你要我干...吗? / Is there anything (else) I can do (for you)? 另有什么(此外事)我可以为你效劳吗? / Let me do...for you. 让我来帮你干...吧.应答时,不管你需不需要对方的资助,首先得表现谢谢.Thank you./ Thanks a lot/ Thank you very much. 谢谢./ Yes, please./ Thanks, please. 好的,谢谢./ Thank you for your help. 谢谢你的资助.如果需要资助可以说:Thanks. That‘s very kind /good / nice (of you). 谢谢,那太好了.如果谢绝资助,可以说: No, thanks. I can manage it myself.谢谢,我自己可以敷衍./ No, thank you, but I can do it myself. 谢谢,我能行./ No, I can do it, but thank you all the same.我可以干,谢谢./ That‘s all right. thank you. 没什么,谢谢.十二、看病时病外交用语1、医生询问病情时的常用语What can I do for you“ 你看什么病? / What‘s wrong/the matter/ the trouble with you? 你有什么不舒服./ Is there anything wrong with you? 有什么看病吗?2、病人诉说病情时的常用语I feel terrible/ bad/ ill sick. 我感应很不舒服./ I don‘t feel well. /I’m not feeling well.我感应不舒服./ I‘m not in good health. 我身体欠好./ There is something wrong with... 我的...有毛病.I have / have got.... 我以为...痛./ My back / nose hurts / aches. 我的背/鼻子痛.3、医生给病人检查时的常用语(Lie down and )let me exam you. (躺下),让我检查一下./ Does it hurt here? 这儿痛吗?4、医生看完病后对病人提出医嘱时的常用语It‘s nothing serious. 病不重.没关系./ You’d better have a good rest. 你最好好好休息休息.Take this medicine three times a day. 这药天天吃三次./ Drink plenty of water and have a good rest. 多喝水,好好休息./ You have a high temperature. 你发烧了,/ 你体温高./ You‘d better go to bed don’t get up until you feel Better. 你最好躺在床上,感应好一点再起床./ Take 2 pills now and 2 more in 4 hours‘ time. 现在吃2片药,隔4小时再吃2片./ I advise you(not) to... 我劝你(别)... / I suggest you... 我建议你... / You’ll be well/ all right soon. 不久你会好的.十三 、谈论天气情况1、It is raining /blowing /snowing ,(isn‘t it ?)下雨了/起风了/下雪了,(对吗?)It is +adj ./n.(today ). 今天的天气...这类句子都是用来揭晓对天气的看法的.“It is +ady /n (today )”中间可用表述天气情况的形容词或名词,应答时可说:Yes ,it is .2、What‘s the weather like today ? 今天天气怎样? / What’s the weather going to be like ...? 天气将怎样?这两个句型都是用来询问天气情况的.前者询问当天的天气后者询问未来的天气,在like 后加表现未来的时间状语(如tomorrow .the day after tomorrow )应答时可说:It‘s fine /warm /cold /hot ...或It’s going to be fine /warm/cold /hot ...“What‘s the weather like ...?”也可以用“How is the weather...?”表达,其意思想同.十四 、问路及应答的外交用语Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to ...? 屈驾,请告诉我去.....(地方)怎么走? / Excuse me. Han can I get to...? 屈驾,问怎样去.....(地方)? / Excuse me, please, where is...? 屈驾,请问去...的路怎么去?问路时,首先说“Excuse me.”意思是“请原谅”、“请问”、“屈驾”,表现因为打扰而致歉,然后再问路,应答时可凭据实际情况回覆.常用的有以下几种表达:How far is it from here? 它离这里多远? / It‘s about...meters from here. 它离这里约莫...米远./ It’s about...yards/meters down this street./ Go straight ahead till you see...沿着这条街走约...米就到了./ Go straight ahead till you see... 照直走到...(地方)为止 ./ Go down/along this street. 沿着这条街走下去./ Take this street/road. 走这条街/大路./ Go through the gate and you‘ll find the entrance to...穿过大门,你就会看到...的几口处./ Go down/along this street till you get to ...沿着这条街走到...(地方)为止./ Turn right/left at the first/second crossing.在第一/二个十字路口向右/左转./ You’d better take a taxi/minibus/No. 5 bus...你最好坐出租车/乘小公共汽车 / 乘5路公共汽车.十五 、就餐时的外交用语1、就餐时,当主人询问客人想吃/喝点什么时,主人常说:Would you like sth.(to eat / to drink)?你想吃 / 喝点...吗? / What would you like (to have)? 你想要吃点什么? / Would you like some more...? 你还要点...吗? / How about (some more) ...? (再)来点...怎么样?2、就餐时,当主人主动请客人吃/喝点工具时,主人常说:Help yourself to...? 你吃/喝点...吧./ Let me give you...? 让我来人你...吧./ Make yourself at home. 请随便吃,不要客套.3、当客人表现愿意或同意吃/喝点工具时,常回覆:Yes, please,好的.I‘d like...我想来点....Well, just a little, please. 好的,请来一点儿.4、当客人表现不想吃/喝工具或表现已经吃饱/喝好了时,常回覆:No, thanks, 谢谢,不要了.Thank you , I‘ve had enough. 谢谢,我已经够了.I’m full, thank you. 谢谢,我吃饱了.十六、离别1、离别前用语I‘m afraid I must be off/be going/be leaving now.恐怕我得走了./ I think I must be off/ be going/ be leaving now.我看我得走了./ Well, It’s getting late.噢,天已晚了./ I‘ve got to go now.现在我必须得走了./ Maybe we could get together sometime.也许我们什么时候还能再聚一聚.2、对离别前用语的回覆Thank you for coming.多谢你的惠临./ Yes, I‘ve enjoy it.对,我很开心./ My pleasure, too.这也是我的荣幸./ Could you stay a little longer? 你能再呆一会儿吗?/ In that case, I won’t keep you.那么我就不留你了.3、离别用语Good-bye! / Be seeing you soon. Bye! / Bye! / Bye for now. / See you. / See you later. Bye-bye! 再见!Good night.晚安!Have a pleasant journey!/ Wish you a pleasant journey.祝你旅途愉快!Don‘t forget to give me a ring.不要忘记给我来电话.Remember to give me a ring.记着给我来电话.4、对离别用语的回覆Good-bye!再见!/ Good night!晚安!You too. / Same to you.你也一样.So long. Take care.再见!保重.十七、赞美和捧场及应答(Making Compliments and Responses)It‘s beautiful. 真漂亮!/ That’s marvellous! 真了不起!/ It‘s a lovely picture! 多悦目的照片!/ I’m glad you did...... 我很兴奋你做了....../ I‘m pleased you did... 我很兴奋你做了....../ How clever of you! 你好智慧哦!/ I like the way you did...... 我喜欢你做......的方式/ I admire the way you do...... 我佩服你做......的方式/ I’ve never seen such a...... 我还没有见到过如此的......./ What a nice coat you have! 你的外衣很漂亮哦!/ You look very smart today! 你今天看上去好神气哦! / What a wonderful house! 你的屋子好漂亮哦!/ It matches your suit perfectly. 这和你的衣服很相配./ You‘ve certainly given us a very good lecture. 你简直给我们做了一场精彩的讲演./ You have a beautiful smile.你的笑真美. / You have a good sense of humour.你挺有诙谐感的./ Your wife is beautiful. 你的妻子真漂亮./ You gave an excellent speech.你的演讲真精彩. / Your car is nice.你的车真漂亮. / This is a lovely dinner./The dinner is great.这顿饭真不错. / That’s a very nice suit you‘ve got on.你穿的衣服很漂亮. / That was a marvellous speech. 那是一场了不起的演讲./ You look wonderful this evening! 你今晚看上去很不错! / What a nice living room so comfortable! 我很喜欢你的家具,你在哪儿买的? / I appreciate your new car.我很是浏览你的新车.(对朋侪的精彩演出、良好结果,你若亲临现场,可直接为他高声喝彩)Well done, Johnson! 干得好,约翰逊!/ I‘m so happy for you! 真为你感应兴奋!/ It’s very well deserved! 就该这样!/ You must be terribly pleased!你一定很是兴奋吧!/ Aren‘t you very excited, Tom?汤姆,你一定很激动吧!Oh, I‘m glad you like it. 哦,你喜欢,我真兴奋./ I’m glad you think so. / I‘m delighted you think so. 你能这样认为我真兴奋./ Oh, thank you.哦,谢谢! /How kind of you to say that. 你能那样说真好./ I’m glad to hear that.听到这我真兴奋. / Thanks for saying so.谢谢你这样说.十八 、约会的外交用语1、询问对方是否有空:Will you be free (tonight/ tomorrow/...)?你(今晚/明天 ...)有空吗?肯定回覆:Yes, I‘ll be free (tonight / tomorrow...).我(今晚/明天...)有空.否认回覆:No,I won‘t be free(tonight/ tomorrow...).不,(今晚/明天...)没有空.比力客套委婉的否认回覆:I‘m afraid not. (I’m afraid I‘m not free tonight/tomorrow...).恐怕没有空.2、询问约会的时间、所在:What time shall we meet? 我们什么时候碰面呢? /Where is the best place to meet? 我们最幸亏什么地方碰面呢? / How about 5 p.m./ tonight/ tomorrow...?下午五点(今晚/明天......)怎么样? / What about (meeting) at the gate/ outside the station...? 在大门口/在车站外边碰头怎么样? /Shall we meet at 7:30 p.m. at the gate ?我们下午七点半大门口碰头好吗? / I‘ll meet you at the theatre at 7:30 p.m.我会在七点半在剧场见你./ I suggest 7 o’clock.我建议七点钟(碰头).3、有关约会的时间,所在的询问和应答,可凭据详细情况举行.十九、体贴和焦虑的外交用语1、What‘s wrong/the matter(with)...?表现的意思是“你怎么啦?”、“你有什么不舒服?”、“出了什么毛病?”,用来询问对方的疾病、痛苦、忧伤、事故等情况,.句中的wrong作“失常的”、“状况不佳的”,matter作“贫苦事”、“毛病”、“故障,指病痛或事故的原因.”What‘s wrong with...和What’s the matter with...?两个句子意思相同,可以交换.2、Is there anything the matter?意思是“出了什么事吗?”、“有什么毛病吗”这个句子还可以简化为:anything the matter?3、We are anxious/worried about...“be anxious/worried about”意思是“为(某人/某事)担忧”,可用于种种时态,其中的be可用get取代(即“get anxious /worried about”)4、There is no need to be worried.没有须要担忧./ There is nothing to worry about.没有什么可以担忧的.对于别人的担忧或焦虑,常可以用以上句子表现宽慰.二十、喜好、厌恶和偏爱I. 表现喜好1、用I like /love sth./sb. 来表达.(表现“我不喜欢某人/某事”)2、用I like/love to do sth./doing sth.来表达(表现“我为喜欢做某事”的意思)注意:1)在 like后加上表现水平的词如:very much ,a lot, little,等3、用I enjoy sth./doing sth.来表达.(表现“我喜欢/浏览某事”的意思)II. 表现厌恶1、用I don‘t like (to).......来表达.(表现“我不喜欢某人/某事”的意思)2、用I hate (to).......来表达(表现“我不喜欢某人/某事”的意思)3、用.Idon‘t enjoy sth./doing sth来表达.(表现“我不喜欢某人/浏览某事”的意思)III. 表现偏爱1、用I prefer A to B.来表达.( 表现“ 我喜欢A甚过喜欢B”的意思)2、用would rather do........来表达(表现“宁愿做........”的意思 )二十一、表现同意和差别意的用语1、表现同意Certainly./ Sure./ Of course.固然可以./No problem. 没有问题.Yes ,I think so.是的,我也这样认为./ I agree with sb.我同意某人的看法./ I agree with sb. 我同意某事.I agree that... 我同意.../ Good idea ! / That‘s a good idea.好主意./ It’s a good idea to do sth. 干某事是人好主意./Yes ,please.是的,请吧./ You are right . 你是对的./ That‘s true./Ok./All right. 好的./ That’s just what I think. 我也是那么想的./ That‘s my opinion, too.我也是那么想的. /There’s no doubt about it.那毫无疑问.2、表现差别意.No,I don‘t think so. 不,我不这样认为./ I don’t agree with sb. 我差别意某人的看法./ I don‘t agree to sth. 我差别意某事./ I don’t agree that . 我差别意.... / I‘m afraid not. /I’m afraid that...恐怕(不)...二十二、表现肯定和否认的用语1、表现肯定:Sure./of course./Certainly.肯定/固然/一定./ I‘m sure of/about...我确信... / I’m sure that...我确信.../ That‘s sure.是真的.2、表现否认No.不是./ I‘m not sure of/about...对...我没有掌握./ I’m not sure whether/if...我没有掌握...二十三、语言难题( Language Difficulties )1、当不知某个词的发音时,用How do you pronounce...? 这个词你怎么读?2、当不知某个词的汉语意思时,用What‘s the Chinese meaning of the word...?...词的汉语意思是什么?类似的表过另有:What do you mean by...in Chinese?/What’s the Chinese for...?/ What does ...mean in Chinese?3、当不知某个词的拼写时,用Could/can you spell the word?你能拼一下这个词吗?4、当没听清(懂)对方讲话内容时,用I‘m sorry, I didn’t quite follow(catch)you.对不起,请再说一遍时,可用下列句型表达:I‘m afraid I didn’t follow (catch)起,我没有听懂(清).5、当没听懂(清)对方所说的话或请求对方再重复you./Would you mind I repeating that? /pardon ?Beg your pardon?/ I beg your pardon? / Could you say that again ?/Would you please say that again?/Would you please say that more slowly?6、问对方是否听懂(清)时,用:Is that clear? /Have I made myself clear?/Do you see what I mean ?/ Do you understand?7、当不知如何表达某一意思时,用:I‘m sorry, I know only a little English. I don’t know how to say it in English(I don‘t know the exact word in English),but it is some thing like...对不起,我仅懂一点点英语.我不知如何用英语表达这个词(我不知道英语中能表达该意思的准确的词),但它有点象....8、当表现在语言某方面上有无难题时,可用 I have some(no, much, little, a little,some) difficulty (trouble)in pronouncing(spelling,......) .......意为“在做某事方面有一些(没有、许多、很少、有一点难题).”或用have some (no,little,a little,much ,any)difficulty(trouble) with sth.9、订正或澄清错误时,用:I‘m sorry, I have made a mistake.对不起,我犯了个错误.I’m sorry, I should have said...对不起,我本该说....That‘s not what I meant.我不是谁人意思.What I mean is ...我的意思是....I’ll try to explain that again,我将努力再解释一下.二十四、表现克制和警告的外交用语1、Look out! /Be careful! / Take care!这三个句子都作“当心、小心”解,look out语气最强,往往用于某种紧迫的情况或可能泛起危险的场所,其后接for短语.take care语气没有那样强,多用于对可能泛起的不测作出预先的提醒或警告,其后可接不定式短语或that从句,从句的谓语动词用一般现在时.be careful可取代look out和take care,其后也可接不定式以及about, with等介词短语.2、下列句型也可用来表现警告:Don‘t do sth.......or......不要干某事,否则....If you.......you’ll......如果你...,你就会...3、以否认祈使句或“No+-ing”表现克制和警告.Don‘t smoke! 禁绝吸烟!/ Don’t be late!不要迟到! / Don‘t take pictures here! 不要在此照相! / No smoking!禁绝吸烟!/ No parking!禁绝停车! / No spitting! 不要随地吐痰!4、用can‘t / mustn’t表现克制和警告.二十五、询问国籍、籍贯,姓名及职业时的常用语What‘s your nationality? Are you American...? 你是哪国人? / 你是美国人吗? / Are you from American / Britain... ? 你是美国人/英国人...吗?/ Where are you from ? 你是那里人? / What country are you from ? 你是哪个国家的? / What are you? 你是干什么的? / Who are you? 你是谁? / What’s your name? 你叫什么名字?二十六、谈论喜好Talking about Hobbies.询问对方的业余喜好:What are your hobbies? 你的喜好是什么? / What do you often do in your free/ spare time? 你在业余时间经常做什么? / What are your favorite sports? 你最喜爱的运动是什么? / Do you like+drawing/ playing chess....? 你喜欢绘画/下棋....? / What are you interested in after work?下班后你对什么有兴趣?叙述自己的喜好:My hobby is.....我的喜好是...... / I enjoy+watching Tv/ listening to music......我喜欢看电视 / 听音乐....../ I like /love + collecting stamps /fishing......我喜欢集邮 / 钓鱼....../ I find.....very interesting.我以为.......很有趣.二十七 、表现遗憾、同情的外交用语1、be afraid that.......恐怕......2、It‘s a pity(that).....真是很遗憾..... 这是表现遗憾的外交用语,后面跟的that从句就是所指的遗憾的事情.在口语中that常可省略.3、What a pity/shame!真是遗憾!(真惋惜!)用的是省略的叹息句.(语气较随便)表现同情时常用I‘m sorry to hear......或I’m so sorry.来表达,hear后可接that也可接that从句,表现“听说......我很惆怅”,注意I‘m so sorry.在意思上差别于致歉.二十八、有关意愿和希望的外交用语I. 询问对方的意愿1、What do you want/plan/intend/hope to do...? /你想要/计划/计划/希望干什么?应答时用:I want / plan / intend / hope to do...我想要/计划/计划/希望干什么.注意:在动词want / plan / intend / hope...之后要接不定式(而不接动名词形式)作宾语.2、What‘s your plan for ...?(What are your plans for...?)你有...有什么计划?应签时可用I plan / intend / hope + to do ...或视其详细情况作答.3、What do you feel like doing?你想做什么呢?在答语“I feel like doing.....”之后还可跟名词.4、What would you like to do sth?你想做什么呢?答语“I‘d like to(do sth.)”是“I would like”的省略,后跟动词原形.II. 表现希望用的句型:I want / wish / hope to....我希望做什么 / I hope + that - clause. 我希望... / I wish + that - clause.希望...注意:上述句型中,在I hope / wish 之后跟由that引导的宾语从句.在口语中,that常可省略.在I wish后的宾语从句中用陈述语气;在that后的宾语从句中用虚拟语气.二十九、 表现判断和意见What do you think of....?/ How do you like....?/How did you find......?你认为......怎么样?What‘s you opinion of......?你对........的看法是什么?Tell us what you think about/ of.......谈谈你对的.......看法?We’d like to have your views/ opinions about.......我们想听听你对......的看法?Well done/ Good work!很好!干得不错!Not bad.不错!It certainly is.简直如此.It‘s correct to do(sth)......是对的.It seems (to me) that-clause.(在我看来)好象.......In my opinion,...../ As I see it, ...依我看,......So far as I know, ... /From what I know/ understand......就我所知,......I would say......我认为......I think / believe / suppose......很可能.....I’m sure......我确信......I don‘t think......我认为....不...It doesn’t seem possible that-clause,.........好象不行能.三十、征询1、What‘s your opinion?你的看法呢?In my opinion ...据我看,...2、Do you think it is...?你可认为...吗?Yes,I think so./No,I don‘t think so.是的,我也这样认为.不,我不这样认为./ Yes,I agree with you.是的,我同意你的看法./ No,I don‘t agree with you.不,我差别意你的看法.3、What do you think about it?你对这事是怎么看的.I think / I believe...你认为.....4、Would you like+名词或不定式?此句型用来询问别人的愿望的,其简略答语是I‘d like to或I’d love to我愿意。


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